The upcoming EU-Arab summit could help in crafting a new regional relationship.
Rather than making North Africa safer, securitizing borders has raised the risk of instability along the region’s frontiers, where communities depend on smuggling.
In Northeast Africa today, Middle Eastern states vie for influence, and African governments accede—with conditions
New developments and challenges for women riders and drivers in the Ride-hailing industry.
Although Maghreb states have tended to pursue border security unilaterally, increased transnational coordination at the local level offers a more sustainable approach.