Instead of putting its full strength behind unifying Syrian rebel groups, Ankara is slowly supporting that process without disturbing the status quo.
Seeking to expand its influence in the Red Sea, Russia is hoping that mediating internal disputes in Yemen will help make the region more secure.
To get involved in Syria, Russia had to turn to Iran as an unexpected ally, yet as the conflict develops, it is ready to accommodate any and all players to strengthen its foothold in the region
Russian actions in the Middle East from Lenin to Putin.
In Idlib, Turkey could deter Russian airstrikes and ensure the region remains out of the Syrian regime’s control by going after extremist groups.
While Assad and his supporters seem close to reconquering Southwestern Syria, stability is far from assured.
Dr. Nader Hashemi explains his views on the Obama Administration’s mistakes in the Syrian Civil War.
ISIS, Russia, and Iran’s Influence on the Syrian Civil War.
Trump’s Iran policy burns with fury as well as utter incoherence.
The Assad regime has won the war; it cannot, however, win the peace.
Russia aims to position itself as a leader among energy-producing equals in Eurasia. Since 2015, Russia has sought to play a more active role in the Middle East, setting its sights on the region’s energy resources to achieve this strategic goal.
Modern Syria becomes a view into transformations of power in the Middle East.
How did Putin’s regime of fear and paranoia push Russia toward a new confrontation with the West?
Russia needs the West—but the realpolitik driving its foreign policy demands it be treated as an equal.
Despite tensions over Syria, Turkey is increasingly turning to Russia to secure its foreign and domestic policy needs.
Syrian rebels are unlikely to rebound from defeat anytime soon, while Iran and Russia stand to gain immensely.
Vladimir Putin intervened in Ukraine and Syria to mobilize domestic support for Russia’s decaying political system. But how long can the Kremlin survive on false images, fake agendas, and manufactured complexes?
The Damascus regime’s military offensive could ruin already slim chances for a negotiated peace in Syria. A divided opposition and rival great powers further complicate a tricky diplomatic initiative.
Russia’s intervention has intensified the Syrian civil war, drawing both Western and regional powers deeper into a seemingly intractable conflict.
With his undeclared war on Ukraine, the Russian president destroyed the post-Cold War system of mutual security commitments. In a quest to sustain his power, “Mr. Nobody” has released forces that he cannot contain.