Syria Becomes Ever More Complicated

/ Tahrir Forum

Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon, and Iran effectively have to be seen as a single geo-strategic arena in which hundreds of local and national actors engage one another—and many have links to other regional players and global powers.




Ten Observations on the Wars in Syria

/ Tahrir Forum

The scale, intensity, and persistence of the last five years of nonstop and often barbaric violence reflect the fact that Syria today, as in the past four millennia at least, continues to be a central pivot in the geopolitics of the Middle East and its neighbors.








Why Syria Peace Talks Are Doomed

/ Tahrir Forum

The Damascus regime's military offensive could ruin already slim chances for a negotiated peace in Syria. A divided opposition and rival great powers further complicate a tricky diplomatic initiative.


Obama’s Tarnished Legacy in the Middle East

President Barack Obama had to deal with a dysfunctional state system and fraying civil societies, as well as blowback from George W. Bush's invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Yet his own actions and inactions throughout two terms of office contributed significantly to the great unraveling of the Middle East.




New Cold War Comes to Syria

/ Tahrir Forum

Russia's intervention has intensified the Syrian civil war, drawing both Western and regional powers deeper into a seemingly intractable conflict.


Changes in Syria’s Armed Opposition

/ Tahrir Forum

The promise of Western military support and a shared opposition to Russia’s intervention are driving Syrian opposition forces to unite and—for many of them—move away from extremist rhetoric.



Iran’s Not-So-Radical Endgame in Syria

/ Tahrir Forum

For the first time, America has recognized Iran's place at the negotiating table in resolving Syria's civil war. Diplomacy between the two sides hinges on understanding what drives Iranian policy.